MRADI WA UTOTOLESHAJI WA VIFARANGA KIBIASHARA

Mradi wa utotoleshaji wa vifaranga ni biashara kubwa katika miradi ya ufugaji wa kuku. Watu wengi wanapenda kuanzisha mradi huu lakini wengi wao hawana uelewa wa kutosha juu ya namna ya kuanzisha na kuendesha mradi huu. Kuna ambao hawaujui kabisa mradi huo zaidi ya kusikia tu kuwa kuna hii biashara ya utotoleshaji wa vifaranga inafanyika. Kwa mfano unamkuta mtu ana pesa ya kutosha kuweza kuanzisha mradi wa utotoleshaji wa vifaranga lakini badala yake anawaza kuwekeza katika mradi wa ufugaji wa kuku aidha wa mayai wa kisasa, wa nyama Broilers au chotora kwa ajili ya mayai na nyama.
Sasa naomba katika mjadala huu tufuatane pamoja ili tuufahamu mradi huu jinsi unavyoanzishwa na kuendeshwa.
Tanzania kuna makampuni mengi yanayoyojushughulisha  na biashara hii ya utotoleshaji wa vifaranga. Kuna yale yanayozalisha broilers tu, kuna yale yanayozalisha layers tu na kuna mengine yanazalisha aina zote za Vifaranga yaani layers na Broilers  na mengine yanazalisha kuku chotara tu. Layers ni Vifaranga wa kuku wa mayai ambao hufugwa kwa miezi 4.5- 5 kisha huanza kutaga. Wakati Broilers wao ni kuku wa Nyama wa Kisasa ambao wao hufugwa kwa wiki tano na kuwa tayari kwenda sokoni. Wakati chotara ni kuku asili waliyoboreshwa. Kuku hawa ni mchanganyiko wa kosaafu za kigeni na za kwetu za Ndani. Lengo la kuwa na kuku hawa wa asili waliyoboreshwa ni kuongeza uwezo wa ukuaji na uzalishaji wa kuku wetu wa asili ambao uwezo wao kimsingi ni mdogo kuweza kumpa tija mfugaji. Baadhi ya makampuni yanayojishughulisha na utotoleshaji wa vifaranga nchini kwetu ni Songwe hatchary wao wako wilayani Songwe, mkoa wa Songwe. Kampuni hii inazalisha Layers peke yake na ni maarufu sana hapa nchini Tanzania, Kampuni nyingine inaitwa Matembwe Villlage Co. Ltd, yenyewe iko Kijiji cha Matembwe , Lupembe Njombe. Yenyewe inazalisha Vifaranga aina ya layers na Broilers. Kuna kampuni ya Silverland ya Iringa mjini, Euro poultry Tanzania Ltd Dsm, Mkuza Kibaha, Taasisi ya Elimu Kibaha, Interchicks DSM, CPF Ltd DSM, OJ CO LTD Morogoro, BATMET CO LTD, Nyasaka Mwanza, Kilacha Moshi nk.
MAHITAJI
Kuku wazazi.
Kuku hao huagizwa kutoka nje ya nchi na mara nyingi kuku wazazi wa kuku wa mayai  huagizwa kutoka uholansi kwenye kampuni ya Hendrix, wakati kuku wazazi wa kuku wa nyama wenyewe huagizwa kutoka nchini Kenya kwenye kampuni ya Aviagen ambayo ni kampuni ya kimarekani iliyoamua wazalishe kuku wazazi wa nyama nchini kenya ili kuweza kuhudumia nchi za Africa mashariki na kati. Kuku wazazi ni ghari kidogo, oda ya chini kabisa kwa kuku wazazi wa mayai ni 560 wakati kuku wazazi wa kuku wa nyama Broilers wao Idadi yao ni kuku 1000. Gharama ya kuku mmoja mzazi ni tsh 16,000/= na kuku wa wazazi wa nyama mmoja ni tsh 10,000/= Hapa utapata picha ni gharama kiasi gani itahitajika katika ununuaji wa kuku hawa.
Incubators
Hizi ni mashine za kutotolesha Vifaranga. Ziko za ukubwa tofautitofauti kadiri ya mahitaji ya mtu. Na bei zake zinatofautia kulingana na ukubwa wake. Kwa habari za mashine hizi tafadhali tembelea www.onelye.com . Kibiashara yafaa angalau uanze na mashine yenye ukubwa wa kuchukua mayai kuanzia 3000.
Nyumba ya kuweka Mchine (Hatchery)
Ni muhimu uwe na hiyo nyumba kwa ajili ya kuweka mashine zako. Ukubwa wa hiyo hatchery itategemea na Idadi ya Machine utakazoweka. Ujenzi wake ni muhimu ukawasiliana na mtaalam wa Mifugo ili aweze kukupa sifa stahiki za hatchery kwa mujibu wa vigezo vya wizara.
Mabanda ya kufugia kuku wazazi na Kulelea Vifaranga Brooders.
Dawa za kutibia mayai ya kwa ajili ya kutotoleshwa.
Usajili wa Wizara
Mtaji
Eneo lililo mbali kidogo na makazi ya watu.

191 Comments

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